Using real android mobile device for automation or manual testing is challenge for testers. But, Android offers a great solution to connect a real device over USB using ADB tool. It helps in getting adb logs for debugging, automation or to mirror the screen.

Android Debug Bridge (adb) is a versatile command-line tool that lets you communicate with a device. The adb command facilitates a variety of device actions, such as installing and debugging apps, and it provides access to a Unix shell that you can use to run a variety of commands on a device.

Let’s get started and go through step by step process of connecting your android device to PC

Enable Developer Tool on Android Device

Step 1) Go to your Android Device Settings.

Step 2) Go to About phone

Step 3) Tap multiple times on Build number to Enable Developer options.

Step 4) After couple of tap Developer option will be enabled, then search for Developer options.

Step 5) Enable USB debugging option

Step 6) On your Phone drag down the notification panel and select USB options

Step 7) Now select either ‘Transfer files’ or ‘Transfer photos (PTP)’ option

Download platform-tools to connect to Android Device

Step 1) Go to Android developer site and search for platform-tools https://developer.android.com/studio/releases/platform-tools

Step 2) Download SDK Platform-Tools for Windows

Step 3) Unzip the platform-tools folder

Step 4) Double click and open the platform-tools folder

Step 5) Inside folder hold SHIFT + Right click and then select ‘Open command window here’

Step 6) Command prompt will open with the platform-tools path

Step 7) Check connected devices

adb devices

Connect Android Phone using ADB

Step 1) Go to your Android Device Settings.

Step 2) Tap on About phone

Step 3) Tap on Status

Step 4) Note down the IP Address. It should something like 192.168.X.X

Step 5) lets connect to android phone using adb command.

adb connect 192.168.1.17

Get ADB logs

Now enter adb logcat command and you will start seeing the logs

adb logcat

Now to stop log hold CTRL + C keys on keyboard

Other commands

1) Display the date, invocation time, priority/tag, and PID of the process issuing the message.

adb logcat -v time

2) Capture log in text file

adb logcat -d > Name_of_Log_File.txt

3) Disconnect devices

adb disconnect

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